|• Mayor||Edward H. Kraus|
|• Vice Mayor||Nancy Meany|
|• Total||20.43 sq mi (52.91 km2)|
|• Land||20.31 sq mi (52.61 km2)|
|• Water||0.11 sq mi (0.30 km2)|
|Elevation||1,040 ft (320 m)|
|• Density||1,194.35/sq mi (461.15/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1046426|
Solon (// SOH-lun) is a city in southeastern Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States. The population was 24,262 at the 2020 census. A suburb of Cleveland, it is part of the Cleveland metropolitan area.
In 1820, the first settlers arrived from Connecticut to live in part of the Connecticut Western Reserve. The township was named after Lorenzo Solon Bull, who was the son of Isaac Bull, one of the first settlers. Purportedly, the selection of young Lorenzo's middle name was due to its derivation from the "father of democracy", Solon, the famous Athenian lawmaker of Ancient Greece. The early settlers faced challenges common to pioneers, but in Solon, drainage and wetlands issues complicated settlement and agriculture. Overcoming these obstacles, Solon Township became an arable farming area, producing corn and wheat crops and supporting dairy farms (including five cheese factories). By 1850, the population of Solon Township reached 1,034.
Because of nearby Cleveland's position as a national hub of the railroad industry, rail also contributed greatly to Solon's growth. In 1857, the Cleveland-Youngstown section of the Cleveland and Mahoning Railroad established a line running through Solon.
Laid out in a traditional New England plan, Solon, like many of the neighboring townships, established a public square in its town center. In conjunction with townships to the north, a north–south corridor was established through the town centers of Solon, Orange, and Mayfield townships (from south to north, respectively) and, accordingly, was named SOM Center Road (now Ohio 91). Solon Township included the current municipalities of the City of Solon and the villages of Bentleyville and Glenwillow. In 1927, Solon was incorporated as a village and later became a city in 1961, operated under the mayor-council form of government.
Solon was one of the first cities to use a comprehensive zoning plan and has been able to achieve a strong industrial base, while insulating its bedroom communities from industrial activities. Further, the city has primarily concentrated its commercial and retail districts in the town center, making them convenient to all residents. In addition to its planned use for corporate and residential areas, Solon has 687 acres (2.78 km2) of city parks and recreational area, 360 acres (1.5 km2) of Cleveland Metroparks (the South Chagrin Reservation) and three golf courses within its borders.
In 1991, the extension of a divided highway, US 422, was completed as an east–west corridor just north of its town center. US 422 enables easy access to many points throughout Northeast Ohio, providing a corridor extending from Cleveland through Solon and beyond Warren into Pennsylvania.
|Climate chart (explanation)|
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 20.49 square miles (53.07 km2), of which 20.36 square miles (52.73 km2) is land and 0.13 square miles (0.34 km2) is water.
Solon lies in a humid continental climate zone (Köppen Dfa) and has four distinct seasons, from hot summers to cold and snowy winters. The highest recorded temperature in the city was 101 °F (38 °C) in 1918, and the lowest was −25 °F (−32 °C) in 1994.
As of 2010, the median income for a household in the city was $96,965, and the median income for a family was $112,156. The per capita income for the city was $47,505. About 2.0% of families and 4.8% of the population were below the poverty line.
Solon has a large immigrant population. The success of Solon's public schools is cited as one reason for the diversity of its population.
As of the census of 2010, there were 23,348 people, 8,352 households, and 6,769 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,146.8 inhabitants per square mile (442.8/km2). There were 8,765 housing units at an average density of 430.5 per square mile (166.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 77.5% White, 10.6% African American, 0.1% Native American, 10.0% Asian, 0.4% from other races, and 1.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.5% of the population.
There were 8,352 households, of which 41.5% had children under age 18 living with them, 68.7% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 19.0% were non-families. 16.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.78 and the average family size was 3.13.
The median age in the city was 43.1 years. 27.8% of residents were under 18; 5.2% were between 18 and 24; 20.3% were from 25 to 44; 34.3% were from 45 to 64; and 12.4% were 65 or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.7% male and 51.3% female.
In 1929, the Bready Cultimotor tractor company became the first industrial company to locate in Solon. Since then, Solon has served as home to many multinational companies, including several global and North American headquarters. Although Solon is a suburb of Cleveland, it has an employment base sufficient to support its residential population and thus should not be considered a bedroom community.
Today, according to city government authorities, Solon has major clusters of businesses in five manufacturing industries: electronic and electrical equipment, industrial and commercial machinery, measuring and controlling devices and instruments, chemicals and allied products, and fabricated metal products. Over 8,000, or 75%, of Solon's 10,700 manufacturing jobs are concentrated in these five sectors.
Major employers include: Nestlé (headquarters of Stouffer Foods), Swagelok, Pentair, Signature of Solon Country Club, Keithley Instruments and Arrow Electronics. There is a branch of the Cleveland Clinic here as well.
The Robbins Company, a leading international manufacturer of tunnel boring machines founded in 1952, is headquartered in Solon. Robbins employs over 150 individuals in the city and has produced a number of industry innovations.
According to Solon's 2017 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:
|#||Employer||# of Employees|
|2||Nestle Food Company||1,946|
|3||Cleveland Clinic Foundation||997|
|4||National Enterprise Systems||932|
|5||City of Solon||875|
|7||Solon City School District||675|
Arts and culture
The Solon Center for the Arts offers classes in art, music, dance, and theater. The center holds a program for seniors entitled "Act II: Aging Creatively through the Arts," for those over 55 interested in theater or music.
The city is also home to the Solon Philharmonic Orchestra, and hosts an annual Young Artists Concerto Competition.
Established in 1968 in the old Disciple Church, the Solon Historical Society maintains a museum with artifacts from the 1800s through the 1900s, many of which serve as memorials to the city founders. Many pieces in the museum include antique household and kitchen items, antique furniture, Solon Springs soda bottles, antique children's toys, school desks from the old school house, and many others. The museum is opened the second Sunday of every month.
Solon City Schools
The majority of students from Solon and the neighboring village of Glenwillow are educated through the Solon City School District. The district has been consistently ranked as a top 10 school district in the state of Ohio, as well as receiving praise from publications such as Newsweek, and U.S. News & World Report. Solon Schools have also received honors such as the Red Quill and Red Quill Legacy awards for multiple years in a row from the ACT organization. Solon Schools have also received the National Blue Ribbon School recognition, considered to be one of the highest honors for American schools, many times over the past few decades. In 2017, Niche.com ranked the school district the best in the United States.
Solon High School educates approximately 1,600–1,700 students per school year, Solon Middle School and Orchard Middle School educate 700–900 students per school year each, and each elementary school educates 400–600 students per year, putting the district enrollment at approximately 4,700–5,000 students per school year.
The district contains six schools serving grades K–12 and one preschool:
- Solon High School (9–12)
- Solon Middle School (7–8)
- Orchard Middle School (5–6)
- Lewis Elementary School (K–4)
- Parkside Elementary School (K–4)
- Roxbury Elementary School (K–4)
The former Arthur Road Elementary School, which closed following the 2015–2016 school year, served as a public preschool and administrative building before being set to be demolished in 2022.
St. Rita School is a private Catholic religious institution, associated with the St. Rita Roman Catholic Parish Church in Solon. The school offers preschool, elementary, upper elementary, and middle school programs. St. Rita School has also received National Blue Ribbon School designation from the United States government.
Solon is home to the Montessori school of Solon.
As of 2014, the Solon Police Department consisted of 46 officers, 14 dispatchers, 16 correction officers, eight office staff, one animal warden, 19 auxiliary police, and six school guards.
- Steve Dettelbach (born 1965), current director of the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms, former U.S. Attorney for the Northern District of Ohio
- Michael Lerner (1941-2023), actor
- Georgia T. Robertson (1852–1916), educator and author
- Phil Robinson (born 1980), state representative from Ohio's 6th district
- Evelyn Svec Ward (1921–1989), American fiber artist
- Elizabeth Lowe Watson (1842–1927), lecturer; religious and suffrage leader
- "ArcGIS REST Services Directory". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 20, 2022.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Solon, Ohio
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 22, 2014.
- "Solon Ohio". State and County Quick Facts. United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on December 2, 2013. Retrieved January 17, 2014.
- "History of Solon Ohio". City of Solon. Retrieved August 22, 2014.
- "Monthly Averages in Solon, Ohio". The Weather Channel. Retrieved August 22, 2014.
- "United States Gazetteer Files Database". United States Census Bureau. 2010. Retrieved January 6, 2013.
- "Population: Ohio" (PDF). 1930 United States Census. United States Census Bureau. 1930. Retrieved November 28, 2013.
- "Number of Inhabitants: Ohio" (PDF). 18th Census of the United States. United States Census Bureau. 1960. Retrieved May 17, 2020.
- "Ohio: Population and Housing Unit Counts" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. 1990. Retrieved May 17, 2020.
- "Solon, Ohio (OH) income map, earnings map, and wages data". City-Data.com. 2009. Retrieved August 22, 2014.
- "Data Center Results". MLA Language Map Data Center. Modern Language Association. Retrieved March 12, 2023. Data from the 2000 US Census
- "Solon schools increase racial diversity". February 28, 2014.
- "Religious Organizations | Solon, OH - Official Website". www.solonohio.org. Retrieved July 14, 2023.
- "The Robbins Company". Robbins. Retrieved August 23, 2014.
- "City of Solon 2017 CAFR". Retrieved March 14, 2019.
- "Center for the Arts". City of Solon. Retrieved August 22, 2014.
- "Solon Philharmonic Orchestra". City of Solon. Archived from the original on August 26, 2014. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
- Traum, Nancy (April 26, 2012). "Solon: A gem beyond the Chagrin Valley". Cleveland Jewish News. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
- "The Museum".
- "Final State Report Card Release Confirms Solon Earns Northeast Ohio's #1 Report Card grade and Excellent with Distinction rating". Solon City School District. February 28, 2013. Archived from the original on August 26, 2014. Retrieved August 22, 2014.
- "America's Best High Schools". Newsweek. 2013. Retrieved August 22, 2014.
- "Solon High School Overview". U.S. News & World Report. 2014. Retrieved August 23, 2014.
- "Solon High School College Profile" (PDF). Solon City School District. 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 26, 2014. Retrieved August 23, 2014.
- Price, Kyla (February 7, 2013). "Solon only high school in Ohio to receive Red Quill Legacy Award". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved August 22, 2014.
- "National Blue Ribbon Schools Program Schools Recognized 1982 Through 2013" (PDF). United States Department of Education. 2013. Retrieved August 23, 2014.
- Price, Kyla (October 2, 2010). "Solon and Chagrin Falls schools earn Blue Ribbon Award". The Plain Dealer. Retrieved August 22, 2014.
- Cooper, Mitch (September 26, 2013). "Orchard Middle School Named National Blue Ribbon School". Patch Media. Retrieved August 22, 2014.
- Pace, Pattie (September 25, 2008). "Solon High gets A Blue Ribbon". The Plain Dealer. Archived from the original on August 26, 2014. Retrieved August 22, 2014.
- Jackson, Abby (August 9, 2017). "The best school district in America is in an Ohio suburb 20 miles outside Cleveland, a city where schools are failing by almost every measure". Business Insider. Retrieved August 18, 2017.
- Ed, Wittenberg (August 8, 2022). "Solon Schools looking forward to 'normal' start of school year". cleveland.com. Retrieved December 16, 2022.
- "St. Rita Catholic School". Retrieved August 22, 2014.
- "Solon Police Department 2013 Annual Report". City of Solon. 2013. Retrieved August 22, 2014.
- Willard, Frances Elizabeth; Livermore, Mary Ashton Rice (1893). "Georgia T. Robertson". A Woman of the Century: Fourteen Hundred-seventy Biographical Sketches Accompanied by Portraits of Leading American Women in All Walks of Life (Public domain ed.). Charles Wells Moulton.
- "Representative Phillip M. Robinson Jr". The Ohio House of Representatives. Retrieved July 13, 2021.
- Who's Who in the Midwest. Vol. 16. A.N. Marquis. 1978. p. 734. ISBN 978-0-8379-0716-1.
- Willard, Frances Elizabeth; Livermore, Mary Ashton Rice (1893). "Elizabeth Lowe Watson". A Woman of the Century: Fourteen Hundred-seventy Biographical Sketches Accompanied by Portraits of Leading American Women in All Walks of Life (Public domain ed.). Charles Wells Moulton.
- Solon Historical Society., & Charles, C. W. (1992). Pictorial history of Solon, Ohio, 1820–1991. Marceline, MO: Heritage House Pub.
- Bard, N. P. (1970). Pioneers with web feet. Solon, OH: Solon Sesquicentennial Committee.